How to Design a Lighting Plan for Your Home


A cozy well lit space is great to live in. Choosing the right kind of lighting for your premise is almost as important as selecting a suitable locality for your home. And the task may not be as simple as picking lighting fixtures or lamp shades and placing them randomly wherever you feel the need.

You need to design a lighting plan for your home for getting it right. You can seek help from your professional designer or architect for chalking out the plan.

What is a Lighting Plan?

Before you plan to create that perfect plan for your home, you need to understand what a perfect lighting plan is. It is a drawing that is drawn to scale and which shows the exact location of every switch at home, light source and outlet. Either your architect would double up as a lighting designer or you can engage a lighting designer who specializes in the lighting domain. A professional can help you in deciding which the best places for illumination are.

Starting out with a Lighting Plan

Start by drawing a rough plan of the room you are choosing lighting for. Make a plan to scale, using a pencil and graph paper. Always include the fixtures which cannot be changed like your fireplace for instance, doors and windows and so on. Also, if the room has heavy furnishings that cannot be moved around, the same should also be included in the plan. Now that the plan is ready, use arrows to mark the direction in which people will mostly face. Your lighting should be falling directly on the eyes. These are the places where you will need diffused lighting.

Secondly, you should have a fair idea of the nature of lighting each space would need. As a rule of thumb, there should be a mixture of light sources at multiple levels for creating an ambience that is truly flattering. You need to understand how to create the right mix of theme and task lighting. Task lighting should be concentrated in performance areas like let’s say, reading, and working on the laptop and so on. The general theme will depend on the room and the purpose.

In order to ascertain how much light you will need, you need to multiply the length with the width for giving you the meter-age of the room. Now you can take about 25watts per meter of room length. So a 10-meters long room will need about 250 watts of light. It can be generated from multiple sources including wall lights, ceiling lights and other options that you might choose.

Designers often explain that planning the lighting as an afterthought is a gross mistake most homeowners make. The lighting elements should ideally be decided before the final interiors are completed. It has to be factored into the scheme of things for a seamless appeal. Whereas seeking guidance from expert designers does help, it is also wise to read up as much as possible on the different lighting choices available.